According to the authentic information from the Sunnah there is a small number of traditional Islamic holidays (in Arabic «id») – there are only three holidays. These are Feast of Breaking the Fast (Eid al Fitr, Sugar Feast, Sweet Festival or Bayram), Feast of the Sacrifice (Eid al-Adha or Kurban Bayram) and Friday (Juma, Jumah, Jumma, Jummah or Jumuah in different spellings).
These Muslim holidays mentioned in two authentic hadith:
- When the Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, came to Madinah, he found the people celebrating 2 holidays or festivals (they were just, two days every year, in which the people would party, celebrate, take the day off essentially). So when he, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, came to Madinah, he, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, asked them: «What are these 2 days?». They replied: «We used to play on these days (take the day off just celebrate) in the days of Jaahiliyyah (before Islam)». So the Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Then surely, Allah has already replaced these 2 days for you, with 2 days that are better than them: the day of Fitr, and the day of Adha» (Al-Nasai, Abu Dawud);
- Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Verily, Allah has made this day of Friday a feast for the Muslims, and whoever comes to Friday prayer, let him perform full ablution, and apply perfume if he has it, and use the toothstick siwak» (ibn Majah).
Celebrating the other days as holidays in different Muslim nations varies widely and depends mainly on developed over more than a millennium traditions in their places of residence. For this reason, the mobile application Sunnah Cards has only these three aforementioned holidays, which are common to all Muslims.
As it is known, the Muslim calendar is lunar, and the solar Gregorian calendar is conventionally considered in the world. Currently single and universally recognized by all Muslims of the world Islamic calendar is missing. Muslims all over the world now, as a rule, follow the following calendars: Makkah calendar (the official Saudi Arabia calendar «Umm al-Qura»), astronomical calendar, the calendars of various international organizations, countries, regions or even towns and villages where they live. Some days these calendars coincide, but often there are differences. Therefore, the Muslim feast days can even in one region differ by one, two or three days. It's all different approaches to determining the new moon, which are based on a different understanding of authentic hadiths. From the point of view of Islam it is believed that this is a valid divergence, although in practice this is not very convenient for the Muslims, so often the celebration takes place on different days, even within the same village.
Given all these factors, as well as the fact that a large group of Muslim countries and regions in the world followed in this issue for the Makkah Umm al-Qura calendar in the Sunnah Cards app the current date AH is pointed by this calendar, as the most universal calendar at this moment for Muslims all over the world, and now according to this calendar in our application the dates of important events of the Islamic calendar 2015.
Annual Feast of Breaking the Fast («Eid al-Fitr» in Arabic) falls on the first day of the tenth month of Hijri calendar - Shawwal 1, and, as a rule, this festival every year, accompanied by the following question – when is Eid al Fitr by the Gregorian calendar?
According to Makkah calendar «Umm al-Qura» which is used in the Sunnah Cards app, Eid al Fitr in 2016 will fall for approximately July 6, 2016. Why approximately?
The fact that, according to this calendar every year offensive Shawwal new moon is observed firsthand in the evening and, as a rule, between Maghrib and Isha prayers officially proclaimed on when entering a new month - tomorrow (then Ramadan has 29 days), or in the day after tomorrow (in this case Ramadan has 30 days). With this approach, the date of celebration varies three days (before the month of Ramadan, given the fact that the month of Ramadan is also seen firsthand the set) or two days (after the onset of the month of Ramadan), and in the evening 29 of Ramadan it is permanently installed.
Therefore, in 2016, the feast of Eid al Fitr could fall to 5, 6 or 7 of July. A day after news of the month of Ramadan (this will happen June 5, 2016 / Shaban 29, 1437) this number of days of holiday options reduced to two - 5 or 6 of July and 6 or 7 of July.
In the Sunnah Cards mobile application the Eid al Fitr holiday date is updated immediately on receipt of new information, and appropriate notifications are sent to users. You will learn about the Feast Day among the first!
UPDATE from June 5, 2016: Today in the evening the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced that Ramadan 1, 1437 will fall on June 6, 2016. This means that the Eid al Fitr will fall on 5 or 6 July 2016. The exact day of the Eid al Fitr will be announced the evening of July 4 2016 / Ramadan 29, 1437.
UPDATE from July 4, 2016: Today in the evening the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced that Eid al-Fitr, Shawwal 1, 1437 will fall on Wednesday, July 6, 2016. May Allah accept from us and from you!
Annual Feast of the Sacrifice (in Arabic «Eid al Adha») falls on the tenth day of the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar - 10 Dhu al-Hijjah, and, as Feast of Breaking the Fast, this holiday accompanied by the question – when is Eid al Adha?
According to Saudi Arabia official calendar «Umm al-Qura» (Makkah) Eid al Adha in 2016 will fall for approximately September 11, 2016.
According to this calendar the new moon of Dhu al-Hijjah month is every year observed firsthand in the evening and, as a rule, between Maghrib and Isha prayers 29 Dhu al-Qadah and then it is officially proclaimed on when entering a new month – tomorrow (then in the month of Dhu al-Qadah is 29 days) or in the day after tomorrow (in this case, in the month of Dhu al-Qadah is 30 days).
Therefore, in 2016 Eid al Adha could fall on 11 or 12 of September. The exact date of Eid al Adha and the Day of Arafah will be known in the evening September 1, 2016 / Dhu al-Qadah, 29 1437.
In the Sunnah Cards mobile application the Eid al Adha holiday date is updated immediately on receipt of new information, and appropriate notifications are sent to users. You will learn about the Feast Day among the first!
UPDATE from September 1, 2016: Today in the evening the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced that Eid al-Adha, Dhu al-Hijjah 10, 1437 will fall on Monday, September 12, 2016. May Allah accept from us and from you!
Another constant annual issue that accompanies these two Islamic holidays is as follows: how better or how right to congratulate Muslims with these holidays?
As for the words of congratulations on this day, the Shariah does not prescribe any rigid rules, and this largely depends on the received from various Islamic peoples customs. However, from the Sunnah came in the authentic hadith that «when the companions of the Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, met one another on the day of Eid (in another version: returning from the Eid prayer), they would say to each another: «May Allah accept from us and from you (TaqabbalAllahu minna wa minkum)» (at-Tabarani, al-Bayhaqi). Consequently, congratulate Muslims with these words from the Sunnah will be better and more correct. For this reason, these words of greeting are given in Sunnah Cards application.
Herewith in the Islamic world it is widespread other forms of greetings such as «Eid Mubarak» which means «Blessed festival» or «May your holiday be blessed». There are also other greeting phrases that also acceptable to use, and there is no prohibition in the Shariah, so in the future it is planned to include other forms of greetings in the mobile application.
According to the authentic hadith Juma day (Friday) is a feast ("eid" in Arabic) for Muslims. Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Verily, Allah has made this day of Friday a feast for the Muslims, and whoever comes to Friday prayer, let him perform full ablution, and apply perfume if he has it, and use the toothstick siwak» (ibn Majah).
However, despite the fact that Friday is the weekly holiday for Muslims, reports of congratulating each other with special words on this day do not come till our time such as «Jumma Mubarak» (can be translated as « Blessed Friday!») «Jumuah Tayyibah» («Good Friday!»), «Juma Kareem» («Happy Friday!») or other phrases.
Accordingly, in this day it would be better and more useful to remind your loved ones and friends about various Sunnah (preferably acts) on Friday than the above words of greetings.
Sunnah Cards is mobile application for iOS and Android, with which you can send cards that contain traditional Muslim greetings, requests and reminders (according to reliable hadiths and athars) in seven languages - Russian, Arabic, Turkish, Indonesian, English, French and German.
If we translate the name of the application «Sunnah Cards» literally, you get «cards by the Sunnah», within the meaning does this mean «cards containing greetings and wishes according to the Sunnah».
In the application, there are Islamic greetings on Eid al Fitr, Eid al Adha, Islamic wishes (duas) for the wedding (nikah, zawaj), child's birth (not birthday), the Hajj, disease, reminders for the Jumah, Ramadan and the new Hijri year, greetings and thanks, words of comfort and expressions of condolence. With the help of available original cards you can also invite to the wedding (walimah) and a meal - at home or in halal cafe or restaurant. In fact, all the words of congratulations are words of wishes, that is a prayer (dua) of Muslims from the Sunnah of the Prophet, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, which they give their loved ones.
The application came in the fourth version, and there are plans for its further development. Use the application yourself and offer your family and friends!
To give gifts to Muslim is Sunnah, as well as to accept gifts. On this point there are following reliable hadiths:
- The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, accepted gifts from others and gave gifts (Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi);
- The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Give each other gifts and you will love each other» (Al-Bukhari);
- The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Gifts strengthen the love between you, and therefore try to do it in order to love each other and strengthen the relation between you» (Al-Bukhari);
- The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «O Muslim women! None of you should look down upon the gift sent by her she neighbour, even if it were the trotters of the sheep (i.e. the fleshless part of legs)» (Al-Bukhari);
- The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah honor him and grant him peace, said: «Exchange gifts as a gift frees heart from doubt. And let a person does not consider a gift of his neighbor the insignificant. Even if it is just a sheep's head» (al-Tirmidhi).
And it is often question in such situation: what gift to give to a Muslim man or a woman, to husband or wife, to a boy or a girl?
Islamic gifts must be allowed from the viewpoint of Islam (i.e. not fall under the category of "haram") and must be given without calculation to return any benefit from the gift recipient, and also be useful to the host and be corresponding to real possibilities of the giver.
Come up with ideas and give useful eid gifts for the holidays or other important events and just like that! :)